DockStar AutoMount for USB mass storage and Samba setup
AutoMount for USB mass storage
The intention was to have an auto mount of any USB mass storage, like harddisk or USB-stick. As soon as you connect a device to an USB port, it will be mounted to /media/usb0(-7), and the first device will be mapped to /media/usb. As soon as you unplug the device from the USB port, it will be unmounted. The installation is very simple:
$ apt-get install usbmount Path to the file lists: /var/lib/dpkg/info/*.list The configuration can be found in the file: /etc/usbmount/usbmount.conf. It contains detailed information about the parameters. In order to improve security the parameter FS_MOUNTOPTIONS can be modified: FS_MOUNTOPTIONS="-fstype=vfat,gid=floppy,dmask=0007,fmask=0117" It means that only users from the group "floppy" are allowed to read/write to the device, if it has type=vfat. To incorporate users in the group "floppy" type: $ usermod -a -G floppy user_name USB-stick operation: If you like to use an USB-stick for frequent use, you can omit the word "sync" from parameter MOUNTOPTIONS, which reduces the wear from the flash memory. But then you have to type "sync" before removing the USB-stick. Otherwise you may loose data after a write operation to the USB-stick. An example for the mount: root@FADS90:/etc/samba# mount ... /dev/sdb1 on /media/usb0 type vfat (rw,sync,nodev,noexec,noatime,nodiratime,gid=25,fmask=0117,dmask=0007,allow_utime=0020,codepage=cp437,iocharset=utf8,shortname=mixed,errors=remount-ro) The media will be seen in folder /media: root@FADS90:/etc/samba# ls -l /media # one media is mounted, usb0 is mapped to usb insgesamt 44 lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 4 12. Sep 10:43 usb -> usb0 drwxrwx--- 5 root floppy 16384 13. Sep 10:11 usb0 drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 12. Sep 10:43 usb1 drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 12. Sep 10:43 usb2 drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 12. Sep 10:43 usb3 drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 12. Sep 10:43 usb4 drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 12. Sep 10:43 usb5 drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 12. Sep 10:43 usb6 drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 12. Sep 10:43 usb7
Samba (server) is used to access a file system mounted at the DockStar from a Windows PC or Linux.
The difficulty is to make the access to the data of the mounted file system as easy as possible, on the other hand to allow only authorized people the access to the data. In my case I do not want to access the mounted file system from the Internet, my priority was easy access.
You have to install 3 packages:
$ apt-get install samba $ apt-get install samba-common-bin # smbpasswd $ apt-get install sambaclient # for tests Setting a password for user authorizing: $ smbpasswd -a # for root $ smbpasswd -e $ smbpasswd -a user_name # windows password $ smbpasswd -e user_name Edit the configuration file /etc/samba/smb.conf to add your share: add below the [homes] part: # for using USB media [media] comment = USB drive path = /media/usb browsable = yes printable = no writable = yes guest ok = yes force create mode = 666 force directory mode = 777 $ /etc/init.d/samba restart # activate new configuration Plugin your USB mass storage. Check smb.conf for valid parametrs $ testparm.samba3 # test /etc/samba/smb.conf parameters $ smbclient -L localhost # show shares
In case of troubleshooting or tuning Samba it is useful to know which parameters are set. The utility testparm is used for this purpose. Unfortunately testparm will not show its options via -h or --help, you have to use man testparm. In order to search quick for the setting of a parameter do:
e.g. searching for TCP_NODELAY root@FADS90:~# testparm -sv | grep NODELAY Load smb config files from /etc/samba/smb.conf rlimit_max: rlimit_max (1024) below minimum Windows limit (16384) * Processing section "[homes]" Processing section "[media]" Processing section "[printers]" Processing section "[print$]" Loaded services file OK. Server role: ROLE_STANDALONE socket options = TCP_NODELAY * The message "rlimit ..." is not important for the function or speed of Samba options: -s = no prompt for ENTER -v = show ALL options (verbose)
If you are looking from Windows with the Explorer to the DockStar and it does not show up in the "workgroup", right click on network and on "computer search". Then type in field "computer name" the IP address and hit Enter. After a few seconds the DockStar should show up.
The transfer speed with an attached USB 2.0 harddisk 500 GB (Samsung HD502HJ, 7200 rpm) over Gigabit network to a Windows XP PC with the Explorer was:
Getting test program "atop": apt-get install atop # atop daemon logs heavily in /var/log/atop.log (up to 700 KB/day), even if it is not in use. # So if you do not need it any longer, # deactivate it by removing the links /etc/rc2.d/s02atop, /etc/rc3.d/s02atop, /etc/rc4.d/s02atop, /etc/rc5.d/s02atop File size: 430 MB, using atop 5 (5 s interval) CPU load 23% smbd Read from DockStar NET so 21,6 MB/s Write to DockStar NET si 9,0 MB/s # with MOUNTOPTION sync in file /etc/usbmount/usbmount.conf Write to DockStar NET si 13,0 MB/s # no sync
If you do not use sync there is the danger of data corruption, if the USB disk is suddenly removed. That is the disadvantage of a removable disk.
Gigabit network speed
Because the Samba transfer was lower than I expected, I searched for the bottleneck.
First I looked about the Gigabit network speed. Because I could not compile the source code of netio, I searched for a armel binary and found it at nslu2-linux.org in the package netio_123-3_arm.ipk. Then I checked from a Windows XP PC the speed:
DockStar side: $ netio -s Windows XP side: G:\INSTALL\Netzwerk\NetIO>netio.exe -t 192.168.17.90 NETIO - Network Throughput Benchmark, Version 1.26 (C) 1997-2005 Kai Uwe Rommel TCP connection established. Packet size 1k bytes: 63773 KByte/s Tx, 56591 KByte/s Rx. Packet size 2k bytes: 87994 KByte/s Tx, 66134 KByte/s Rx. Packet size 4k bytes: 94670 KByte/s Tx, 73266 KByte/s Rx. Packet size 8k bytes: 97378 KByte/s Tx, 83069 KByte/s Rx. Packet size 16k bytes: 102684 KByte/s Tx, 92270 KByte/s Rx. Packet size 32k bytes: 108665 KByte/s Tx, 92216 KByte/s Rx. Done.
This could not be the reason for the bottleneck in the Samba transfer rate.
USB Harddisk speed test, Windows XP
I liked to know what the maximum transfer speed of a USB harddisk (Samsung HD502HJ) is, on a Windows XP PC. The benchmark program was H2testw from www.heise.de.
Test file size: 430 MB Read speed : 31 MB/s Write speed : 24 MB/s
USB Harddisk speed test, Linux Debian Squeeze
I liked to know what the maximum transfer speed of a USB harddisk (Samsung HD502HJ) is, on the DockStar. The benchmark program was dd.
Test file size: 430 MB Write to disk: root@FADS90:~# dd if=/dev/zero of=/media/usb/test.file bs=1024k count=430 450887680 Bytes (451 MB) kopiert, 14,6675 s, 30,7 MB/s Read from disk: root@FADS90:~# dd if=/media/usb/test.file of=/dev/zero bs=1024k count=430 450887680 Bytes (451 MB) kopiert, 13,9301 s, 32,4 MB/s Read speed : 32,4 MB/s Write speed : 7,1 MB/s # in file /etc/usbmount/usbmount.conf with MOUNTOPTION sync Write speed : 30,7 MB/s # no sync
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-- RudolfReuter 2010-09-13 10:07:26